Agricultural Science 2024-04-01T17:14:33+07:00 Mahrus Ali Open Journal Systems <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE</strong> is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Faculty of Agriculture Merdeka University Surabaya, <strong>E-ISSN:<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> 2597-8713 (Online)</a></strong> and <strong>ISSN:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>2598-5167 (Print)</strong></a>. and with DOI Prefix number: <strong>10.55173.</strong> The aims of the journal are to publish and disseminate high quality, original research papers and article review in plant science i.e. agronomy, horticulture, plant breeding, soil sciences, plant protection, <span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title="">agricultural technology, </span></span><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title="">agricultural agribusiness, </span></span><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title="">agricultural economy and </span></span>other related fields related to agriculture. <strong><a href=",112.7160383,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x2dd7fb62e3b116bd:0x98be3eafdb2a9b0c!8m2!3d-7.3203479!4d112.718227" target="_blank" rel="noopener">AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE</a> </strong>is published twice a year.</p> <p>We accept submission from all over the world. All submitted articles shall never been published elsewhere, original and not under consideration for other publication.</p> <p>Already have a Username/Password for Agricultural Science? <strong>Go to <a href="">LOGIN</a></strong></p> <p>Need a Username/Password? Go to <strong><a href="">REGISTRATION</a></strong></p> <p>Download <a href=";ouid=104519723652946199982&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true"><strong>TEMPLATE</strong></a> and <a href=""><strong>AUTHOR GUIDELINE</strong></a></p> Growth of Turi Seedlings (Sesbania grandiflora L. Pers) on Ex-Gold Mining Land Using Organic Cow Stall Fertilizer in Polybags 2023-11-08T14:21:19+07:00 Rahmawati Gilang Ramadhan Syahputra Annadira Yusran Siti Casandra Putri Moh Rian pratama <p>This research aims to determine the growth of turi plants on former gold mining land, by applying cow manure. This research was carried out at the BPDAS Palu Poso Permanent Nursery in the Tadulako University area. This research was carried out from April to November 2023. This research used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments including P0= No Treatment, P1= 150 gr Manure P2= 200 gr Cow Manure P3= 250 gr Cow Manure. Each treatment was repeated 10 times so that there were 40 experimental units. The results of the analysis of variance showed that the growth of turi seedlings in ex-gold mining soil with the application of cow manure had a significant effect on the increase in height, diameter and number of leaves. The treatment that gave the best response was treatment P3= (250 gr of cow manure) with an average increase in height of 19.53 cm, an average increase in diameter of 0.72 mm, and an average increase in the number of leaves of 7.4 pieces.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ANNADIRA AHSAN Effect of Using Sourdough Yeast And The Long Time of Final Proofing On The Physical Properties of Flashed Bread 2024-01-22T10:55:23+07:00 Mohammad Wildan Almufarrij Wardah wahyukanti Dwi Cahyani <p>The use of natural yeast such as sourdough is an alternative choice in making bread. Apart from using yeast to produce good white bread, the final proofing time also affects the characteristics of bread. This research aims to determine the effect of using natural sourdough yeast and the final proofing time on the physical properties of white bread. This research was conducted at the integrated food laboratory of the Agro-Industry. The research design used was a one-factor completely randomized design with the independent variable used, namely the percentage of use of 0% natural sourdough yeast (instant yeast) , 15%, 30%, 45% and combined with final proofing treatment lengths of 45 minutes, 90 minutes, 135 minutes, 180 minutes, to obtain 16 treatments which were repeated 3 times. Analysis testing uses ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) with a significance level (P &lt; 0.05) and SPSS 22 software. The results of the research show that the use of natural sourdough yeast and the long final proofing treatment have a significant effect on the physical quality of white bread in the form of dough riseability, porosity and softness of the bread. The use of natural sourdough yeast produced the highest value at the 45% level for the parameters of dough riseability of 58.631%, porosity of 54.851 pores and softness of white bread 154.262 mm/50g/10s. A good proofing time is 180 minutes resulting in a dough rising power of 62.905%, and 135 minutes for a porosity of 51.865 pores and softness of white bread 144.596 mm/50g/10s.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Wildan Almufarrij , Wardah, wahyukanti Dwi Cahyani The effect of solid manure dosage and cow biourine concentration on the growth and yield of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) Sembrani variety 2023-12-14T22:58:39+07:00 Jhon Hardy Purba Made Suarsana Putu Sri Wahyuni Ketut Mariasa <p>The aim of this research was to determine the effect of cow manure and cow biourine on the growth and yield of shallots. This experiment used a factorial experiment with a Randomized Group Design (RAK). The treatment tried consisted of two factors, namely the first factor was the dose of solid manure (O) with 4 levels, namely O0: without manure (control), O1: dose of 5 tons.ha-1 (0.5 kg of solid manure.petak- 1), O2: dose 10 ton.ha-1 (1.0 kg solid manure.plot-1), O3: dose 15 ton.ha-1 (1.5 kg solid manure.plot-1). The second factor is the concentration of cow biourine (U) with 4 levels, namely U0: without cow biourine (control), U1: 10% concentration or 100 ml.l-1 cow biourine, U2: 20% concentration or 200 ml.l-1 cow biourine , and U3: 30% concentration or 300 ml.l-1 bovine biourine. Each combination treatment was repeated 3 times. The treatment dose of solid cow manure had a very significant effect on the wet weight of the crown per hill and the wet weight of the tubers per hill. A dose of solid manure of 10 tons.ha-1 gave the highest wet weight of tubers per hill, namely 146.30 g. The cow biourine concentration treatment had a very significant effect on the oven dry weight of the canopy per hill, the wet weight of the canopy per hill and the number of leaves per hill at the age of 56 days after planting, 42 days after planting. A cow biourine concentration of 20% or 200 ml.l-1 gave the highest wet weight of tubers per hill, namely 127.50. The interaction between solid manure dose and cow biourine concentration had no significant effect on all observed variables.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jhon Hardy Purba Feasibility of Variety Chicken Businessesthe Domestic Fallandpama-Khoy In The Villagemiddle Consciousness 2024-02-06T11:50:43+07:00 Sri Purwanti Dimas Ganda PermanaSon Yuni Rositagoddess ZainulArifin <p>Cultivating gallus domestic and pama-khoy chicken varieties in Sadartengah Village is very profitable because the selling price is quite high for both gallus domesticus and pama-khoy chickens. Gallus domesticus and pama-khoy chicken varieties can be sold at the age of 6 months. The need for care for these varieties of chickens is easy to get at quite affordable prices. This study uses a combination of methods, namely qualitative and quantitative. Data collection was carried out by interview, observation and documentation techniques. Based on the research results, it was found that a good way to cultivate chickens of the Gallus domesticus and pama-khoy varieties is by paying attention to and meeting the needs of the chickens in terms of food given according to meal times, a chicken coop as a place for shelter and a place for the chickens to live and preventing predators, providing vitamins, as well as electricity for lamps to provide lighting in the chicken coop. The income from the Gallus domesticus chicken business is IDR. 1,556,200, which is less than the income of pama-khoy chicken, which is Rp. 3,936,200. Comparison of the suitability of the Gallus domesticus and Pama-khoy chicken varieties with the R/C ratio of production for Gallus domesticus chickens is 1.69, smaller than Pama-khoy chickens, namely 2.77.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sri Purwanti, Dimas Ganda PermanaSon, Yuni Rositagoddess, ZainulArifin The Effect of Gamal Leaf Liquid Organic Fertilizer on the Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica L.) Seedlings in Polybags 2024-01-09T19:24:35+07:00 Asgar Ridwan Rahmawati Annadira <p>This research was carried out for 3 months, namely from March 2023 to June 2023, located at the BPDAS-HL Palu-Poso Permanent Nursery, this study used the Complete Randomized Design method consisting of 4 treatments, namely P0 = 0%, P1 = 20%, P2 = 30% and P3 = 30%. The four treatments were repeated seven times, bringing the total sample to 28 experimental units. The parameters observed are the increase in seedling height, stem diameter and number of leaves. The data analysis used is fingerprint analysis (F test) fingerprint analysis shows that the best treatment, it will be continued with further tests, namely the BNJ test level of 5%. The results showed that the concentration treatment of liquid organic fertilizer made from gamal leaves had a real influence on the increase in height, stem diameter and number of leaves in arabica coffee seedlings. The best treatment in this study was 40% concentration treatment (P3) with an average seedling height of 15.27 cm, an average seedling stem diameter of 3.17 mm and an average number of seedling leaves of 12.28 strands and the results of BNJ fingerprint analysis with an average height of 5.59 cm, number of leaves of 1.2 strands and stem diameter of 0.88 mm.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Asgar, Ridwan, Rahmawati, Annadira The The Strategy Analysis of Empowerment for Women Farmers Group Kedurus in Surabaya City 2024-02-05T18:29:39+07:00 Dwiyana Anela Kurniasari Didik Daryanto Siti Alimah Jaka Larasati Muhammad Kahvi <div> <p>In this research we will look at socio-economic conditions and ultimately analyze what strategies are appropriate and effective for women farming groups in Kedurus, Surabaya city. The aim of the research is to first explain the socio-economic conditions that exist among members of the women farmer group in Kedurus. Second, analyze and describe how empowerment strategies are appropriate to the needs, characteristics and abilities of women farmer group members in Kedurus. This research began in July and ended in August 2023. The objects of this research were 28 female farmer members in the Kedurus. This research uses a census method where all members are the object of research. This research uses SWOT analysis to describe how empowerment strategies suit the needs, characteristics and abilities of women farmer group members in Kedurus.</p> </div> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dwiyana Anela Kurniasari Sustainable Agriculture Leveraging Artificial Intelligence Systems in Kenya's Agri-food Supply Chain 2024-01-25T05:52:09+07:00 Enock Musau Gideon <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The Agro-food supply chain is crucial for achieving Sustainable Development Goal No. 2 of zero hunger and sustainable agriculture. However, Kenya faces significant post-harvest losses, mainly attributed to challenges in first and last-mile logistics. In the era of technological advancements, this research paper explores the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to enhance the Kenyan agri-food supply chain. Building on existing information, the study focuses on AI's role in monitoring and controlling farmland outputs, optimizing supply chain logistics, and addressing fraud and counterfeiting. The research objectives include assessing AI's utility in monitoring and controlling outputs in farmlands improving supply chain efficiency, and combating fraud in agricultural inputs. Research methods involve a comprehensive literature review, analyzing case studies such as Project FARM and FAO's Fall Armyworm Monitoring and Early Warning System, and reviewing scholarly articles on AI applications in agriculture. The research results highlight the benefits of leveraging AI in farmland monitoring, climate change adaptation, supply chain logistics, and fraud prevention. AI technologies can enhance agricultural productivity, reduce transportation costs, and eliminate corruption in the supply chain. The findings suggest that integrating AI systems into the agri-food supply chain is vital for achieving sustainable agriculture in Kenya. The study concludes that AI offers innovative solutions to address the challenges faced by smallholder farmers, enhance supply chain efficiency, and contribute to achieving zero hunger and sustainable agricultural practices.</span></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Enock musau Cross amplification of 16S rRNA bacterial primer 27F/1492R on horticultural crop chloroplast genome 2024-04-01T17:14:33+07:00 Adyatma Irawan Santosa Taufiq Hilmany Nurul Aulia Dewi Novianti Ekaputri Rahmawati Erika Ananda Putri Tiara Hafidsya Ary Virgianti Setyaningrum Rulia Ervina Dewi Gracela Nanda Puspita Sari Mars Buwn Fraset Manao Nubatonis Arya Widyawan <p>Molecular techniques have been applied as fast and accurate detection methods of plant pathogenic bacteria. Bacteria-specific primer 27F paired with the universal primer 1492R was used in PCR to detect plant pathogenic bacteria in symptomatic leaves of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), chili pepper (Capsicum annum L.), napa cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis L.), cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.), and longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.). The targeted single bands with length of 1400 bp were obtained but bidirectional sequencing of the PCR products recovered partial sequence of chloroplast instead of bacterial genomes. Thus, this result confirmed cross amplification of 27F/1492R primer pair against chloroplast genome of plants. Phylogenetic tree was constructed to separate the tested isolates according to their taxonomic relations: Order Sapindales, Solanales, and Brassicales. In-silico analysis on the new five and nineteen selected sequences in NCBI GenBank detected at least seven conserved regions with some single nucleotide polymorphisms. This report might be a cautionary advice for other researchers to avoid false positive results which could lead to misdiagnosis of bacterial plant diseases.</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Adyatma Irawan Santosa, Taufiq Hilmany, Nurul Aulia Dewi, Novianti Ekaputri Rahmawati, Erika Ananda Putri, Tiara Hafidsya, Ary Virgianti Setyaningrum, Rulia Ervina Dewi, Gracela Nanda Puspita Sari, Mars Buwn Fraset Manao Nubatonis, Arya Widyawan